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FULL CONTAINER LOAD (FCL)
A more convenient method of transporting your freight which in turn assures that all the goods loaded will arrive at the same time. There are various types of containers available depending on the size, weight, and nature of the cargo. For temperature sensitive goods, reefer containers are available to ensure that the goods arrive at the end destination in good condition. Hazardous cargo is accepted by full container load, however, the correct hazardous details must be submitted at the time of requesting a quotation to ensure that the shipping line will accept accordingly.
LESS THAN A CONTAINER LOAD (LCL)
A cost effective solution for freight that does not require the full use of a container. Freight is either collected by the groupage operator/consolidator or can be delivered by the shipper into a nominated depot and is then loaded into a container with other items of freight from different shippers.
For any goods that are temperature sensitive or classed as dangerous goods, this must be made aware to the groupage operator/consolidator upon requesting a quote to ensure they can carry the cargo and that it meets specific requirements and/or regulations.
ROLL ON / ROLL OFF (RO/RO)
Shipment is arranged on a vessel that is designed to carry wheeled items of freight. Such examples are motor vehicles, trailers. The cargo can either be driven on and off the vessel or alternatively the cargo can be loaded onto a platform vehicle which is then loaded on board accordingly.
Vessels have ramps that are built-in allowing the cargo to be rolled on and off.
HEAVY LIFT CARGO
Cargo units that are generally categorized as exceeding 100 metric tonnes in weight. The volumetric size and the actual nature and loading vulnerability of the cargo is also taken into consideration.
The transportation of cargoes that may be identified as valuable, heavy, large in size, out of gauge and/or time critical.
Items of freight that are classed as non-rolling. The freight is loaded and lashed on the under-deck of a vessel by either fork-lift or a roll trailer. Generally the cargo is quite light in weight assuring that it is possible to lift using a fork-lift. Such examples are machinery, cranes, trains.
Freight that is transported without any packaging in a large quantity. Such examples are grain, coal, petrol. The material is either poured or dropped into the bulk vessels hold or body of the tanker. This is identified as liquid or dry.
BREAK BULK CARGO (ALSO REFERRED TO AS CONVENTIONAL CARGO)
Break bulk cargo is classified as individually loaded freight. Cargo cannot be loaded into the ships hold in a full container or as bulk. The cargo must be securely and safely loaded into crates, boxes, drums, barrels, bags, or on a pallet.
Unitised cargo is combining similar or the same nature of goods together into one group during shipment. Such examples are metals, forest products, perishable goods. Due to unitised cargo normally being of a high value or susceptible to temperature and humidity, inspections upon loading and during the voyage may be made to ensure the cargoes are free from damage.
ROLLING STOCK CARGO
This term of transportation relates to the movement on wheels of self-propelled cargoes such as trains and trucks, or, pulled cargoes such as trailers.
Isotank container shipments are used for the transportation of liquids, powders and gasses. Hazardous and non hazardous materials can be transported in isotanks. The isotank is fitted into a container by a specialist. The material is then pumped into the isotank which then in turn expands inside the container. Wooden bulkheads are fitted to ensure the isotank is secure inside the container.
Shipment is effected on a specifically designed tanker vessel (LNG Carrier) for the carriage of liquefied natural gas. The vessel has between four and six tanks along the centre of the vessel. Ballast tanks, cofferdams and voids all surround the tanks.
A tanker vessel transports liquids or gases in bulk. Such examples are gas carriers, chemical tankers, oil tankers.
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