Sea
Air
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Port
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Phytosanitary certification is utilized to verify that the goods meet phytosanitary import requirements and is undertaken by an NPPO (National Plant Protection Organization). A phytosanitary certificate for export or for re-export is only issued only by a public officer who is qualified and authorised by an NPPO.

A phytosanitary certificate for export is normally issued by the NPPO of the nation where the plant products, plants or regulated items were processed or grown. Phytosanitary certificates are issued to confirm that the consignments of plant products, plants or other regulated items meet specified phytosanitary import procedures and are in conformity with the certifying statement of the appropriate model certificate. For this purpose alone should Phytosanitary certificates only be issued.

PORT HEALTH – FOR IMPORTS ONLY

Port health authorities are normally the local UK authority where a port or airport is located. Their responsibility is to protect the public, environmental and animal health of the United Kingdon.

Port health authorities carry out a range of health controls at the UK borders. These incorporate inspecting aircraft for infectious disease control and food safety, checks on imported food, general public and environmental health checks.

This is carried out by port health officers (environmental health officers) and veterinarians, who are employed by the airport health authority or local authority.

Port health controls are overseen by local authorities who maintain regulations in the interest of central government.

The responsibility for the overall policy in the area of public and animal health for food and feed falls under the control of ‘The Food Standards Agency (FSA)’ and ‘The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra)’.

Documentary, identity and physical are the three levels of check that are carried out.

With regards to the documentary check, the health certificates and any submitted analysis test results are checked for authenticity and cross referenced with the details of the commercial invoice and packing list to ensure that they correspond to the goods listed.

For the identity check, this process involves the goods being inspected and the checking of the packaging of the goods to ensure that the goods match the information on the documentation and certificates. Labelling and health marking is also checked.

The physical inspection of the goods also involves the goods being inspected. The process involves the opening of the packaging and the product inspected to ensure that it is safe to consume and that it is the same product as documented. When necessary, the inspector will make an organoleptic (sight, smell, taste) evaluation of the goods. On occasion some samples can be taken for laboratory assessment.

All shipments of controlled goods are subject to the very least a documentary check. Additional inspections can be applied in a random fashion in accordance with the inspection quotas set out in EU legislation.

The final decision with regards to release of the goods is with the certifying officer on whether your consignment meets the import requirements indicated by law.

If the goods are rejected by the assigned port health authority, the following may happen to the goods in question:

· Re-Export
· Destruction
· Remedial action or in some permitted cases, use of the consignment for another purpose

If the goods pass the port health checks and/or examination accordingly, they are then released. 

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