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Shippers must always be certain when requesting a quotation for containerised cargo that the size of the container they are asking for will be big enough to safely and securely load their cargo into.

There are different types of containers available based on the size and weight of the cargo. Some containers are classed as ‘special equipment’ due to their unique special nature compared to the standard general purpose container.

Special equipment containers main purpose is for the loading and transportation of oversized cargo that will not suitably fit into a general purpose container.

Please see below the following containers and their size/weight capacities that are commonly available for sea freight:

Click to enlarge

 

 

20FT GENERAL PURPOSE CONTAINER 40FT GENERAL PURPOSE CONTAINER 

 

 

40FT HIGH CUBE CONTAINER 45FT HIGH CUBE PALLET WIDE CONTAINER

 

20FT OPEN TOP CONTAINER

40FT OPEN TOP CONTAINER

The removable swing header is capable of swinging at 90 degrees to either side

20FT COLLAPSIBLE FLAT RACK CONTAINER 40FT COLLAPSIBLE FLAT RACK CONTAINER

 

20FT REEFER CONTAINER 40FT HIGH CUBE REEFER CONTAINER

For a 20ft Reefer Container, the internal height of ‘2.160m’ is the maximum stowage height that the cargo can be loaded.

For a 40ft High Cube Reefer Container, the internal height of ‘2.40m’ is the maximum stowage height that the cargo can be loaded.


A 20ft or 40ft reefer container (refrigerated container) is used for the transportation of temperature sensitive goods.

While a reefer will have a fundamental refrigeration unit, they depend on an additional external power source either at an area based site, a vessel or on the dock side.

While being transported by road freight on a trailer they can be powered by a diesel generator that connects to the container. Reefer containers control the temperature between minus 25 degrees celsius and plus 25 degrees celsius.

Reefer containers can be equipped with a water cooling system that can be used if the container is stowed below deck on a vessel without suitable ventilation for the heat generated to vent out.

For the loading of any type and size of container, the drivers are responsible for the security of goods and compliance with weight and similar restrictions while the goods are being transported by road.

The seller and/or load point are responsible for providing safe and suitable protective covering and strapping of the cargo within or on the unit. This protects and stabilises the goods and also prevents any damage caused to the unit while the cargo is being loaded and also while in transit.

Please note that it is the responsibility of the load point to load any items of cargo into or onto the designated unit of transportation. The driver is not insured or allowed to arrange or assist with any aspect of loading whatsoever. The same principal applies for the discharge of cargo at end destination.

Road Haulage Trailers

With some exceptions, in the UK, the maximum vehicle weight is 44 tonnes gross (truck, fuel and cargo) and has up to six sets of axles. The majority of foreign vehicles entering the UK have two axles on the tractor and three on the trailer, which limits them to a weight of 40 tonnes both here and in their respective home state. The maximum individual trailer length is 12 metres, articulated truck and trailer length is 16.5 metres and road trains are allowed up to 18.75 metres. The maximum width for all is 2.55 metres. A notice is required that must be displayed in the cab if a vehicle has an overall height of 3 metres or above, showing its full height.

The common vehicles used to transport goods by road are Articulated Lorries (Artics). They consist of a tractor unit with a turn table device which can be linked to a trailer. An Artics type of trailer varies from:

 

 

 

 

 

Flatbed Trailer - Used for a range of cargo 
(goods have to be protected from 
the weather elements and theft)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tilt Trailer – Similar to a flatbed trailer (with a removable PVC canopy)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Curtain-Sider - The common practice for road haulage,
this unit has a rigid roof and rear doors while the sides
are PVC curtains that can be drawn back for more
accessible loading

 

 



Box Trailer – A completely rigid and inflexible unit, with loading through the back doors only. A safe alternative for valuable products

 

 

 

Road Train – A rigid vehicle at the front, which pulls a trailer behind it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Swap Body System – Specialises in accommodating cargo containers. This allows the container to be swiftly transferred during intermodal transport

 

 

 

 

Low-Loaders - Mainly used for transporting heavy machinery and oversized (out of gauge) items. The unit is set low to the ground for more accessible loading  

Small vans are often used to transport smaller items of cargo over shorter distances and sometimes longer distances.

The drivers are responsible for the security of goods and compliance with weight and similar restrictions while the goods are being transported.

The seller and/or load point are responsible for providing safe and suitable protective covering and strapping of the cargo within or on the unit. This protects and stabilises the goods and also prevents any damage caused to the unit while the cargo is being loaded and also while in transit.

Please note that it is the responsibility of the load point to load any items of cargo into or onto the designated unit of transportation. The driver is not insured or allowed to arrange or assist with any aspect of loading whatsoever. The same principal applies for the discharge of cargo at end destination.

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Visual Media Partnership LLP
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Brighton Le Sands
Merseyside
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